Scientific paper ID 1533 : 2017/3
SYNERGETIC APPROACH TO MODELING OF PHASE TRANSITIONS IN TRANSPORTATION PASSENGER FLOWS
Galina Cherneva, Hristina Spiridonova
The passenger flows in transport systems can be viewed as a collection of discrete units, witch to moving a designated channel in the system, called transport flows. The passenger flows depend on many factors - random factors or factors determined by the state of the transport system. These factors generate various fluctuations.
The passenger flows have some common characteristics: waves of compression and dilution, frequency during round the clock, week and year etc.
If filtered periodic fluctuations of the data remains considerable ”noise” (interference), whose character is stochastic or dynamic, i.e. in the passenger flows are monitored signs of random or deterministic chaotic behavior. Between different states are realized transitions, which under definite conditions may induce a process of self-organization.
Those characteristics of passenger flows allow it to be viewed as a complex non-linear dynamic system (NDS) and to study with synergetic methods.
In the work is proposed a model which can be tested processes transitions and self-organization in them, based on the analysis of the characteristics of the passenger flows in transport systems of synergistic positions.
пътникопоток транспортни системи синергетика нелинейна динамична система самоорганизацияpassenger flow transport systems synergetic nonlinear dynamical system self-organisingGalina Cherneva Hristina Spiridonova
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