Scientific paper ID 1665 : 2018/3
CONSTRUCTION SOLUTIONS FOR THE PASSIVE SAFETY OF PASSENGER WAGONS
- The paper presents the results of analysis of the railway accidents in Bulgaria during the last 10 years. The emphasis is put on crash-related incidents. It describes also the existing passive safety concepts of passenger carriages developed in compliance with the ments of European Standard EN 15227 and American Standard AAR S-580, which is for impact resistance and intended to protect people in the locomotive cab in case of collision. The aim to apply the standards is to minimize the risks of adverse effects in the design and operation of modern rolling stock.
Based on the examinations made, some constructive solutions of passive safety systems are justified as suitable to implement in passenger carriages belonging to HOLDING BDZ EAD - BDZ - Passenger Transport EOOD. Particular attention is paid to the buffers that first take impact loads of vehicles with collision. It is proposed to use ”CRASH” elements as essential part of the measures to increase passive safety. The integration of railways and development of safe rail transport without national frontiers as one of the EU main priorities have imposed the need for uniform European legislation in the field of technical ments, including those for achievement of greater safety. An important trend in that aspect is to implement ”CRASH” systems both for newly-built passenger carriages and vehicles in service.
– регламенти изисквания конструктивни решения жп проишествия безопасност.- regulations requirements technical solutions train incidents passive safety.Venelin Pavlov
 EN 12663-1:2010: Railway applications - Structural ments of railway vehicle bodies - Part 1: Locomotives and passenger rolling stock (and alternative method for freight wagons) (Zhelezopatna tehnika. Iziskvaniya kam konstruktsiyata na koshovete na zhelezopatnoto prevozno sredstvo. Chast 1: Lokomotivi i patnicheski podvizhen sastav (alternativen)).
(  EN 12663-1:2010: Railway applications - Structural ments of railway vehicle bodies - Part 1: Locomotives and passenger rolling stock (and alternative method for freight wagons) (Железопътна техника. Изисквания към конструкцията на кошовете на железопътното превозно средство. Част 1: Локомотиви и пътнически подвижен състав (алтернативен)). )
 A CRASH BUFFER FOR RAILWAY VEHICLES, WAGONS OR PASSENGER COACHES - Venelin Pavlov, Dobrinka Atmadzhova - VIII International Conference “Heavy Machinery-HM 2014”, Zlatibor, 25-28 June 2014,
 Modelirane resorno okachvane na podvizhen zhelezopaten sastav s avtomatizirana sistema za upravlenie - Dobrinka Atmadzhova - HIX MEZhDUNARODNA NAUChNA KONFERENTsIYa “TRANSPORT 2009”.
(  Моделиране ресорно окачване на подвижен железопътен състав с автоматизирана система за управление - Добринка Атмаджова - ХIX МЕЖДУНАРОДНА НАУЧНА КОНФЕРЕНЦИЯ “ТРАНСПОРТ 2009”. )
 EN 15227:2008 A1:2010: Railway applications – Crashworthiness ments for railway vehicle bodies
[d by Directive 2008/57/EC],