Scientific paper ID 1644 : 2018/3
TRAFFIC VOLUME FORECAST USING REGRESSION ANALYSIS AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK BASED ON PRINCIPAL COMPONENTS
Ramadan Duraku, Vaska Atanasova
Aim of this Paper is to explore which factors have the greatest impact on generating traffic volume and to set up a suitable model for forecasting it for the main road network of Anamorava region. In this regard, several demographic and social economic variables were taken into account for the period 2004-2016. Variability between variables is done through correlative analysis (multi-co linearity problem) between them. After this, models were developed using original data via multiple regression analysis (MLR) and artificial neural network (ANN) methods. However, with the aim of involving as many variables as possible and eliminating the multi co-linearity respectively improving forecasting model capability, a new methodology was used using the principal component analysis (PCA) as an input. These models then are compared based on prediction errors also verified on the basis of some performance indicators. Results show that the use of principal components as inputs improved both models forecasting by reducing their complexity and eliminating data co-linearity.
обем на превозите модел прогнозиране основни компоненти множествена регресия изкуствена невронна мрежа.traffic volume model forecasting principal component multiple regression analysis artificial neural network.Ramadan Duraku Vaska Atanasova
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